Annual US government report on the global drug
Bush assails Venezuela, Myanmar, over drugs.
Expresses deep concerns about Afghanistan and
Yahoo News, September 18, 2006
NEW YORK (AFP) -
The United States accused Venezuela and Burma of
having "failed demonstrably" to fight illegal
drugs and expressed deep concerns about failings
in Afghanistan and
The White House,
releasing the findings of the annual US
government report on the global drug trade,
warned that the drug trade and "widespread
public corruption" could threaten global aid to
the fledgling government in Kabul.
"We are concerned
that failure to act decisively now could
undermine security, compromise democratic
legitimacy, and imperil international support
for vital assistance," spokesman Tony Snow said
in a statement.
at all levels must be held accountable to deter
and eradicate poppy cultivation; remove and
prosecute corrupt officials; and investigate,
prosecute, or extradite narcotraffickers and
those financing their activities," he said.
The report also
warned of a "decline in Bolivian
counternarcotics cooperation since October 2005"
and expressed concern about the pace of
eradication of coca crops, the raw material for
Bolivia for being "supportive of interdiction
initiatives" and citing "positive results in
seizing cocaine and decommissioning rustic
labs," the White House called on Bolivia to
"refocus its efforts on eliminating excess coca"
and promised a fresh evaluation within six
In the report, US
President George W. Bush
identified Afghanistan, The Bahamas, Bolivia,
Brazil, Myanmar, Colombia, Dominican Republic,
Ecuador, Guatemala, Haiti, India, Jamaica, Laos,
Mexico, Nigeria, Pakistan, Panama, Paraguay,
Peru, and Venezuela as major drug-transit or
major illicit drug-producing countries.
certification process requires the president to
weigh country performances on issues including
fighting illicit cultivations, promoting
interdiction, extraditing drug traffickers, as
well as cutting drug exports.
presence on the Majors List is not necessarily
an adverse reflection of its government's
counternarcotics efforts or level of cooperation
with the United States," the White House said.
targeted Myanmar and Venezuela as having "failed
demonstrably" over the past year to meet their
obligations under international counternarcotics
But he decided to
maintain US programs meant to bolster
Venezuela's democratic institutions, community
development, and political party system, Snow
said in a statement.
praised Canada for curbing the diversion of
chemicals used to produce methamphetamine, and
for seizing laboratories that make the drug
ecstasy, and said the main concern was "the
continuing large-scale production of
high-potency, indoor-grown marijuana for export
to the United States."
Bush said Ecuador
had "made considerable progress" in battling
drug exports to the United States but warned of
a "dramatic increase" in cocaine shipments to
the United States using Ecuadoran-flagged ships
and signs of increased armed group activities on
Ecuador's border with Colombia.
The US president
urged the new government in Haiti "to strengthen
and accelerate" efforts to rebuild and reform
its law enforcement and courts and work closely
Bush said Nigeria
had taken "substantive steps" to battle
corruption but warned that it remained "a major
challenge," and urged Abuja to improve
government programs to battle illegal drugs.
Bush said there
had been no drug seizures or arrests in
since 2004 but said Washington was still
concerned about "state-directed criminal
States government has made clear to the DPRK
(North Korea) that an end to all involvement in
criminal activity is a necessary prerequisite to
entry into the international community," the
White House said.