The three major international drug
control treaties are mutually supportive and complementary. An
important purpose of the first two treaties is to codify
internationally applicable control measures in order to ensure the
availability of narcotic drugs and psychotropic substances for
medical and scientific purposes, and to prevent their diversion into
illicit channels. They also include general provisions on illicit
trafficking and drug abuse."
Single Convention on
Narcotic Drugs, 1961
This Convention aims to combat drug abuse by coordinated
international action. There are two forms of intervention and
control that work together. First, it seeks to limit the possession,
use, trade in, distribution, import, export, manufacture and
production of drugs exclusively to medical and scientific purposes.
Second, it combats drug trafficking through international
cooperation to deter and discourage drug traffickers.
Convention on Psychotropic
The Convention establishes an international control system for
psychotropic substances. It responded to the diversification and
expansion of the spectrum of drugs of abuse and introduced controls
over a number of synthetic drugs according to their abuse potential
on the one hand and their therapeutic value on the other.
Convention against the
Illicit Traffic in Narcotic Drugs and
Psychotropic Substances, 1988
This Convention provides comprehensive measures against drug
trafficking, including provisions against money laundering and the
diversion of precursor chemicals. It provides for international
cooperation through, for example, extradition of drug traffickers,
controlled deliveries and transfer of proceedings.
"Resolutions and Decisions"
"ODCCP has compiled a library
of international drug-control related
Resolutions and Decisions
adopted since 1946 by the United Nations General Assembly,
its Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC) and the Commission on
Narcotic Drugs (CND)."