MAY 22, 2004 EDITION
EDITORIAL: ANOTHER CHICAGO TAKEDOWN
- THE CHICAGO TRIBUNE
IS YOUR GOVERNMENT ON DRUGS - ALTERNET
CASES PUT FOCUS ON MILITARY JUSTICE - LOS
DON'T LET YOUR GIRLS BE INTERNS: DA - NEW YORK POST
BATTLE ENDS IN STALEMATE - MILFORD MIRROR (CT)
BACKS MORE RESTRICTIVE MEDICAL MARIJUANA BILL -
BURLINGTON FREE PRESS (VT)
MARIJUANA-BASED DRUG DEVELOPED TO TREAT MS - CALGARY SUN
U.S. HITS DRUG EMPIRE
- CHICAGO TRIBUNE
LAWSUITS TARGET ALCOHOL INDUSTRY
- USA TODAY
SET FOR LEGAL SHOWDOWN OVER POT - LOS ANGELES
LEGISLATOR MODELS BILL ON STATE'S METH LAW
- OKLAHOMA CITY OKLAHOMAN
N.Y. LEGISLATORS OPEN UP TALKS ON DRUG LAW
- THE DEMOCRAT AND
EDITORIAL: MEDICAL MARIJUANA IN R.I.
- THE PROVIDENCE JOURNAL (RI)
DOUGLAS: MEDICAL MARIJUANA BILL WILL BECOME LAW
- THE BOSTON GLOBE
ILLEGAL GENERIC OXYCONTIN FOUND IN KY.
- THE WASHINGTON POST
MEDICAL POT OK'D; SESSION ENDING TODAY -
RUTLAND HERALD (VT)
AROUND THE US
- Thanks to C. E. Edwards
We at MOMSTELL have been so
very busy these past few months. We have been working on the PA
budget and on several state committees regarding drug and alcohol
issues. Deb Fowler ( Remembering Adam Inc.) and I have been busy
doing advocacy trainings at various conferences across the state.
We are beginning to expand our outreach as we meet with parents
across the Commonwealth. Tomorrow is the first meeting of the
states Children's Behavioral Health Task Force headed by our
Secretary of Welfare. This is very exciting because we will have a
good representation from parents on this task force! We will have
a say in policy changes and that is so vital to improving the
I took the Pathways to
Positive Outcomes course at the National Guard's Counterdrug
Training facility. It was great and so informative! If you have
not attended a course at NCTC yet, your missing a wonderful
training facility with excellent trainers. Everything is free
including your room and food! You just have to get yourself to one
of the training facilities in PA or Wisconsin. Please check out
the upcoming schedules for coalitions, civilians, and law
MOMSTELL will be moving our
e-mail site to verizon in the next week or so. Please keep an eye
out for the notification!
Sharon L. Smith
Mechanicsburg, Pa. 17055
EDITORIAL: ANOTHER CHICAGO TAKEDOWN
- THE CHICAGO TRIBUNE
In the late 1980s, federal prosecutors in Chicago invented a novel
strategy for attacking drug gangs that ravage, terrorize and often
rule impoverished neighborhoods. In Chicago, those gangs traffic
not only in narcotics, but also in blood: They are responsible for
well over half of this city's long stratospheric homicide toll.
Law enforcement's traditional (and widely derided) strategy had
been to focus on arresting street dealers in the hope that the
small fry would implicate higher-ups. That often yielded plodding
investigations that went nowhere.
The new, top-down strategy grew from the observation--gospel
today, but novel in the `80s--that violent drug gangs mimicked
vertically integrated corporations, with strict pyramidal command
structures, tight controls from wholesale distribution through
retail sales, and rigidly enforced codes of conduct. Viewed
through that prism, drug gangs were businesses, vulnerable to
racketeering and other federal laws.
In less than a decade, prosecutors vanquished the leaderships of
what were Chicago's two most ruthless drug gangs, the El Rukns and
the Gangster Disciples. U.S. Department of Justice officials
impressed with the assault on gangs as illicit businesses
dispatched a Chicago prosecutor to Los Angeles to train his
federal colleagues in tactics for taking on that city's Crips and
2) THIS IS YOUR GOVERNMENT ON DRUGS -
Even as issues like Iraq, gay
marriage and the environment command greater attention, the Bush
administration has renewed the war on drugs. In this faith-based
administration, the drug war is the ur-"values" war, the blueprint
for the conservative kulturkampf. In fact, the drug war is even
more ancient than most people realize. Temperance as a
movement emerged in the early 1800's as drinking, previously
considered healthful and a basic component of life, was identified
with social disorder. It quickly became an issue of hearth, home
Long before Bill Bennett gambled away his virtue book profits and
before Richard Nixon, the first President to proclaim a "war on
drugs," was born, the battle between the Wets and Drys was a
defining political issue in America. From the 1880s until the end
of prohibition, Americans endured fifty years of pitched battle
over the drug alcohol. It's worth remembering that the drug war
gave us not one but two Constitutional amendments: one banning
alcohol, then another un-banning it. Despite alcohol's decisive
win, or rather because of it, the battle moved to other fronts.
3) IRAQ CASES PUT FOCUS ON MILITARY JUSTICE
- LOS ANGELES TIMES
When Spc. Jeremy Sivits faces a public court-martial in a Baghdad
convention center Wednesday, Americans will get the kind of look
into the military justice system they haven't had since Army Lt.
William Calley was tried for his role in the 1968 My Lai massacre
of civilians in Vietnam.
Like that landmark case, the trials of Sivits and other soldiers
who have served as guards at Abu Ghraib prison and are accused of
abusing Iraqi detainees there hold the potential to calm — or
further inflame — American and world opinion.
But while courts-martial parallel civilian justice, they offer a
peculiarly military brand of jurisprudence. Americans inundated
with coverage of military justice on cable news channels may find
that, as French statesman Georges Clemenceau famously put it,
"military justice is to justice as military music is to music."
The main thing the coming military court-martial cases in Iraq
have in common with high-profile civilian trials is likely to be
an avalanche of publicity.
In military justice, there are no standard sentencing guidelines
and defendants are not entitled to be tried by a jury of their
peers. In a general court-martial, a jury of five or more service
members can take notes and ask questions. Two-thirds of them can
send the defendant to prison.
4) DADS, DON'T LET YOUR GIRLS BE INTERNS: DA - NEW YORK
The Albany County district attorney - reacting to the
intern sex scandal at the state Capitol - issued an extraordinary
warning yesterday about the program. EP "Any father who would let
his daughter be an intern in the state Legislature should have his
head examined," Albany DA Paul Clyne told The Post.
"I'm not going to call the place a cesspool, but I can say there
is a group of legislators who, quite honestly, are here to get
paid $80,000 a year and party three nights a week and who don't
contribute anything to the process," added Clyne, a Democrat.
"Everyone knows that for some people, legislators and some of the
other staff people in the Legislature, the constant flow of young
women in and out of the Legislature is viewed as an opportunity
The DA made his startling charges in response to The Post's
disclosure yesterday that the Assembly's student intern program
was actually a "canned hunt" by sexually aggressive lawmakers
looking to bed young college students.
5) MARIJUANA BATTLE ENDS IN STALEMATE - MILFORD MIRROR
Ultimately, the bill failed,
not on its merits but because of legislative wrangling that
prevented it from reaching the Senate floor during this year's
The medical marijuana bill would allow residents to grow marijuana
in their homes for personal use, provided they receive a doctor's
prescription for the drug.
The bill won approval from the Judiciary, Appropriations and
Public Health committees, passed the House of Representatives and
was sent to the Finance Committee for further review.
The Finance Committee approved it before sending it back to the
House just in time to send it to the Senate before the session
ended. However, House leaders failed to send it to the Senate
before the session closed, killing it for this year's session.
Proponents can raise it again during next year's session
6) HOUSE BACKS MORE RESTRICTIVE MEDICAL MARIJUANA BILL -
BURLINGTON FREE PRESS (VT)
The House has joined the Senate in endorsing legislation that
would protect seriously ill Vermonters from arrest and prosecution
if they smoke small amounts of marijuana to ease conditions such
as intractable nausea or pain.
But, there's a hitch.
The House bill, which won all but final approval Thursday by a
vote of 79-48, might be too restrictive for the Senate.
The Senate has twice passed marijuana bills that would allow
Vermonters with a broad range of debilitating conditions to seek
protection from prosecution if they use marijuana. The Senate
versions also would allow patients to grow more plants for their
personal use than the House plan.
7) MARIJUANA-BASED DRUG DEVELOPED TO TREAT MS - CALGARY
Pharmaceutical giant Bayer HealthCare has applied to market a
marijuana-based drug in Canada. If approved, it would be the first
cannabis-based drug legally available in this country for the
relief of debilitating symptoms of multiple sclerosis and severe
Bayer and GW Pharmaceuticals of Britain announced yesterday they
had filed a new drug submission to Health Canada for Sativex, an
oral spray developed by GW Pharmaceuticals and licensed to Bayer.
8) U.S. HITS DRUG EMPIRE -
With their leader in prison, top members of the Black Disciples
were called to a South Side apartment building--"The Castle," the
gang called it--to hear from their newly annointed "king."
He told the assembled drug dealers that if they played by the "BD
law," they would prosper. Violators would be beaten or killed by
the Vanguard, the enforcers of the gang.
Since that day in 1991, Marvel Thompson, 35, ran the Black
Disciples gang as if it were a diversified corporation, hauling in
drug profits--as much as $300,000 per day--which the gang
laundered with investments, including apartment buildings, a rap
record label called M.O.B., and a carwash and nightclub in
Atlanta, federal prosecutors said Thursday.
Using a pirate transmitter to barge in on the FM frequency
operated by a Christian radio station, the gang even broadcast
"public service announcements" to their dealers, warning them when
police were near, according to a 185-page indictment released
Thursday by U.S. Atty. Patrick Fitzgerald.
The gang effectively took over a 16-story Chicago Housing
Authority building, posting snipers on the roof to protect dealers
making as much as $45,000 per day selling crack, cocaine and
heroin inside, the prosecutors said. Lookouts were equipped with
night-vision goggles, according to the complaint.
Thompson, a rap record producer, and 46 others were indicted this
week on drug conspiracy charges after a six-year investigation led
by Chicago police and the FBI.
9) LAWSUITS TARGET ALCOHOL INDUSTRY
- USA TODAY
Ad campaigns are aimed at underage drinkers, lawyers say in cases
similar to tobacco litigation
Consumers' attorneys across the nation have begun to target the
alcoholic beverage industry, filing lawsuits that claim that some
leading brewers and distillers are using slick advertising to sell
products to underage drinkers.
Lawsuits filed since November in Ohio, California, North Carolina,
Colorado and Washington, D.C., appear modeled after cases that
were brought against the tobacco industry beginning in the
mid-1980s. Those suits focused on youth-oriented ads and sought
huge damages for tens of thousands of underage smokers and their
parents. The tobacco lawsuits led to a settlement in 1998 in which
tobacco companies agreed to pay $246 billion to state governments
to cover health care costs and other smoking-related expenses
10) STAGE SET FOR LEGAL SHOWDOWN OVER POT
- LOS ANGELES TIMES
A pair of medical marijuana patients won legal protection Tuesday
against arrest and federal prosecution, setting the stage for a
U.S. Supreme Court showdown to determine whether states can allow
cannabis to be used as medicine.
U.S. District Judge Martin Jenkins in San Francisco issued a
preliminary injunction against the U.S. preventing it from
pursuing a drug case against the two patients — Angel Raich of
Oakland and Diane Monson of Oroville — and two anonymous
caregivers who supply the pot.
Tuesday's court order was expected in the wake of a December
ruling by the 9th U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals, which declared
that Raich and Monson were within their rights to use marijuana as
medicine. As part of that decision, the three-judge panel ordered
the lower court to issue a preliminary injunction against the
11) LEGISLATOR MODELS BILL ON STATE'S METH LAW
- OKLAHOMA CITY OKLAHOMAN
A month-old Oklahoma law aimed at reducing methamphetamine
production is being used as a model for national legislation that
will be introduced today in Washington.
U.S. Rep. Brad Carson, D-Claremore, said he will introduce the
"Ephedrine Alkaloids Regulation Act of 2004," a law that would
make the tablet form of pseudoephedrine and ephedrine controlled
The drugs, legally used in cold and sinus medicines, also are used
as precursor chemicals for methamphetamine production nationwide.
Since 1991, the Drug Enforcement Administration has seized more
than 38,500 meth labs in 48 states. That number does not include
labs seized solely by local and state agencies.
In Oklahoma, methamphetamine lab seizures increased 12,000 percent
between 1994 and 2003. Law enforcement agencies estimate that
there were from 30,000 to 60,000 meth labs in operation in the
state last year.
Carson said though many states have laws aimed at controlling the
sale of pseudoephedrine, there is no consistency. He said without
a uniform standard limiting access to the drugs, control of the
epidemic will remain elusive.
12) N.Y. LEGISLATORS OPEN UP TALKS ON DRUG LAW REFORM
- THE DEMOCRAT AND CHRONICLE (NY)
It was a groundbreaking event that broke little new ground:
Democrat and Republican legislators met in public for the first
time Wednesday to try to hash out differences over New York's
harsh drug-sentencing laws.
Reforming the laws has been a goal for the past several years, but
until Wednesday all the talks over how to do it took place behind
Wednesday, 10 lawmakers from the Assembly and Senate discussed
their differences for about an hour. The group agreed to meet
Gov. George Pataki said three years ago that changing the
so-called Rockefeller laws was one of his top priorities, and last
year reforms were the subject of long meetings he had with
legislative leaders. But in the end nothing was done.
13) EDITORIAL: MEDICAL MARIJUANA IN R.I.
- THE PROVIDENCE JOURNAL (RI)
Rhode Island may soon become the 10th state to let doctors
recommend marijuana to their patients. The drug is known to ease
pain and the discomforts of treatments for cancer, AIDS and other
ailments. Legalizing marijuana for medical use would seem a humane
and rational policy.
So far, Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Maine,
Nevada, Oregon and Washington have passed laws permitting the use
of marijuana with a doctor's approval.
The bill before the Rhode Island legislature would not permit the
commercial cultivation of pot. If it passes, a patient with a
qualifying illness could have a doctor write a recommendation for
marijuana. The state Department of Health would then issue an ID,
allowing the patient to possess up to one ounce of pot or to grow
Under current Rhode Island law, possession of less than one
kilogram (about 35 ounces) of pot is a misdemeanor, which can
bring up to one year in jail and a $500 fine.
14) DOUGLAS: MEDICAL
MARIJUANA BILL WILL BECOME LAW
- THE BOSTON GLOBE
MONTPELIER, Vt. -- The Senate on Wednesday gave a medical
marijuana bill final legislative approval, and Gov. James Douglas
said later that he would allow it to become law without his
He said the House version of the bill, which was more restrictive
than the Senate's but to which the Senate finally agreed, would
"focus on symptom relief for a small percentage of individuals
with only the most debilitating conditions."
The House changed the Senate-passed bill by shifting jurisdiction
over use of marijuana by people with chronic diseases from the
Department of Health to the Department of Public Safety, which
includes the State Police. It narrowed the range of sick people
who would be excused from arrest and prosecution on state charges,
and it lowered the number of marijuana plants the patient using
the drug could possess from seven to three.
In addition, the law will require the patient and one caregiver to
register with the Department of Public Safety. It also requires
marijuana to be kept in a locked room accessible only by the sick
person and caregiver.
15) ILLEGAL GENERIC
OXYCONTIN FOUND IN KY.
- THE WASHINGTON POST
The generic form of the powerful painkiller OxyContin is already
for sale on the black market in Appalachia, even though it is not
yet available in all pharmacies.
Dan Smoot, chief detective for an anti-drug task force in eastern
Kentucky, said undercover narcotics investigators began buying the
generic drug from street-level dealers earlier this week.
Investigators suspect a shipment of the drugs was stolen from a
storage building in eastern Kentucky.
16) MEDICAL POT OK'D; SESSION ENDING TODAY -
RUTLAND HERALD (VT)
A measure legalizing the use and possession of marijuana by people
suffering from AIDS, cancer or multiple sclerosis crossed its
final legislative hurdle Wednesday, paving the way for it to
become law without the signature of Gov. James Douglas.
Senators, voting 20-7 in favor of the heavily lobbied bill, made
Vermont's Legislature only the second in the country - Hawaii is
the other - to legalize the use of medical marijuana.
The bill was sent to the governor, who confirmed that he would
decline to sign it, meaning the measure automatically becomes law
in five days.
17) AROUND THE US
Thanks to C.E. Edwards for
the information below!
C. E. Edwards
Demand Reduction Office
Drug-Free Workplaces, Communities and Schools
520-547-8845 (Tucson, AZ) or 877-817-6809 (toll-free)
According to a review of data from several national monitoring
studies, heroin’s popularity is growing among those aged 18-30,
especially among young, white suburbanites. It is believed this
is due to several factors: falling prices (as little as $4 for
0.1 gram bag, enough for a decent fix for a first-time user);
improved processing technology; improved trafficking tactics;
better marketing. Heroin in the U.S. comes from Mexico (black
tar heroin, west coast markets), Colombia (east coast markets),
and Afghanistan, the world’s largest heroin producer. Even
though the perception of heroin as a drug with the most serious
consequences exists, in 2002 it was one of the most widely used
illicit drugs in five of 17 metropolitan areas surveyed in the
U.S.. Purer heroin is more popular because it can be snorted
instead of injected, but high purity also means users get hooked
Washington, D.C.: Tuesday, Mar 30, 2004. Both the
House and Senate are working on legislation to tighten controls
on large purchases of over-the-counter medications (such as
sudafed) used to produce methamphetamines. In 1996, Congress
enacted a law requiring retailers to keep records on anyone who
purchased more than 24 grams of pseudoephedrine, which equates
to around 1,000 pills. The limit was later lowered to 9 grams,
roughly the amount of the drug contained in 366 pills. But the
legislation didn't target 'blister packs' of 10 to 40
individually wrapped pills. The new bill would limit to 9 grams
the amount of pseudoephedrine that could be purchased in blister
packs. States with laws already restricting ‘blister packs’ are:
Arkansas, California, Missouri, and Washington.
U. S. /Canadian Border: In a partnership between
U.S. and Canadian Agencies, more than 140 people in 18 cities
were arrested in connection with a drug ring suppling 15 percent
of the Ecstasy pills in the U. S.. Federal prosecutors in the
United States said the ring imported huge amounts of Ecstasy
powder from the Netherlands to Canada and pressed up to a
million tablets a month for sale in the U. S. and elsewhere.
There were distribution cells in virtually every major American
city. The coordinated arrests spanned Canada and the U.S.
including Atlanta, Boston, Houston, Los Angeles, Minneapolis,
New Orleans, New York and San Francisco. Prosecutors identified
the gang leaders as Ze Wai Wong, 46, a Chinese arrested in
Toronto, and Mai Phuong Le, 38, a Vietnamese arrested in Ottawa.
The authorities accused Mr. Wong of organizing the production of
the Ecstasy tablets in his laboratories in Toronto and Ms. Le of
overseeing the laundering of up to $5 million a month. Officials
said the investigation has resulted in the seizure of more than
500,000 Ecstasy pills, 250 Ecstasy dyes or stamps, 6 Ecstasy
pill presses, a number of handguns and more than $6 million.
Arkansas: The DEA said the state ranks third in
the nation per capita for methamphetamine laboratories seized
during the last several years, behind only California and
Missouri. The agency said the state's rural landscape provides
an ideal setting for illicit manufacturing. In 2003, 719 meth
labs, dumpsites, or equipment were seized, up from 461 seizures
in 2002 and 404 seizures in 2001, according to the DEA.
March 16, 2004, Chicago: Under the 1996 enacted Drug
Dealer Liability Act, the family of a teenager who died of an
overdose successfully sued the drug dealers who sold the
teenager the drugs, winning an award of $16 million dollars.
The parents of the teenager know that they will most likely not
collect on the judgment, but were pleased to be the first case
tried successfully under the Act. About 12-16 other states have
implemented the Drug Dealer Liability Act based upon the model,
created by Dan Bent, former US Attorney for Hawai’i. A copy of
the model Act is available at the student drug-testing committee
web site at:
(Per a news item) Cocaine is still the drug of choice in
Northwest Indiana, but methamphetamine is a growing threat. In
1994, Indiana State Police investigated reports of 3 meth labs,
whereas in 2003 law enforcement officials investigated 988
reported meth operations.
Most are in Vigo County (“dubbed the cooking capital of
Indiana”), outside Terre Haute, and in other counties on
Indiana's southwestern edge. Urban areas such as Indianapolis
and Lake County have experienced little meth traffic so far.
That may be changing according to the most recent "Lake County
HIDTA 2004 Threat Assessment," which gives indications that
abuse of meth is growing. The report also stated that meth
seizures in Lake County have risen dramatically in the last few
years, up 122 percent in 2002 alone.
Massachusetts tops the nation’s list for use of illegal use of
drugs and as well as for the highest percentage of young
addicts. Fatal opiate overdoses among teens and young adults
have tripled in Massachusetts over a fouryear period.
Hospitalizations have doubled. Boston Mayor Thomas M. Menino and
others blame the epidemic on improved trafficking routes that
allow drug-dealers to deliver directly to Boston, by-passing
traditional stop-overs like New York City and also marketing to
young people, using such tactics as brightly colored envelopes
and brand logos like Batman, cartoon frogs, etc.
New York: The National Center on Addiction and
Substance Abuse (CASA) at Columbia University has just released
a White Paper titled: “NonMedical Marijuana II: Rite Of Passage
Or Russian Roulette?”, finding that the proportion of children
and teenagers in treatment for marijuana dependence and abuse
jumped 142 percent since 1992.
Other findings include: Children and teens are three times
likelier to be in treatment for marijuana than for alcohol, and
six times likelier to be in treatment for marijuana than for all
other illegal drugs combined; emergency department mentions of
the drug among the 12 to 17year old group has jumped 48 percent
since 1999; about six times as many teens have tried marijuana
as have tried Ecstasy or cocaine; Among youths aged 12 to 17 who
have ever tried marijuana, the mean age of initiation is 13 and
a half. Moreover, CASA's latest analysis provides increasing
evidence that marijuana is a gateway to other drug use. The
data analyzed (2001 U.S. Centers for Disease Control and
Prevention Youth Risk Behavior Survey of 11,000 ninth through
twelfth graders) found that among teens with no other problem
behaviors, those who used marijuana at least once in the past 30
days are 13 times likelier than those who have not used
marijuana, to use another drug like cocaine, heroin,
methamphetamines, LSD or Ecstasy, and almost 26 times likelier
than those teens who have never used marijuana to use another
drug like cocaine, heroin, LSD, Ecstasy or methamphetamines.
[The full White Paper is available at the DRO and the Adnetu
Demand Reduction Library)
Oklahoma: The 'Trooper Green Act' was introduced
in the Oklahoma House on Feb. 2, 2004, by Rep. John Nance,
ROklahoma City. Named after a state trooper who police say was
killed by a meth addict, the bill would ban overthecounter sales
of pseudoephedrine tablets. Under the proposed Oklahoma bill,
customers could buy the medication only from a pharmacist.
Purchases would be limited to 9 grams each month, and customers
would need to sign for the medication and produce photo
identification. The legislation covers pseudoephedrine in loose
pills and blister packs. It does not include liquid medications
containing pseudoephedrine because those are more difficult to
separate into chemicals used for producing meth.
Research Update: (full studies or abstracts are on
file at the DRO if you wish a copy)
Cocaine: As reported by NIDA in a Research Findings
Bulletin (Vol. 18, No. 6 February 2004), Dr. John H. Halpern,
along with colleagues at McLean Hospital and Harvard Medical
School, found that a key immune system component, a protein
called interleukin6 (IL6), responded less robustly to an
immunological challenge in male and female abusers injected with
cocaine than in those who received placebo. This means that use
of cocaine may compromise the immune system and increase the
risk of infection such as HIV, hepatitus, STDs, etc. by a
finding that cocaine itself has a direct biological effect that
may decrease an abuser's ability to fight off infections.
Source: Halpern, J.H., et al. Diminished interleukin6 response
to proinflammatory challenge in men and women after intravenous
cocaine administration. Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and
Metabolism 88(3):11881193, 2003.
Ecstasy: From Great Britain - hardcore ecstasy users
may be aware of the risks involved in taking the drug, but enjoy
it too much to stop, new research suggests. Dr. Phil Murphy,
speaking at the British Psychological Society's annual
conference at Imperial College, London, reported that results of
a survey of 328 ecstasy users, who had an average age of 22,
indicated that while the young people involved saw taking
ecstasy as a positive experience at first, the feelings of
euphoria and closeness to others it produced became less
pronounced. It was also noted that those who had been taking
ecstasy for more than six years continued to view the drug
positively suggesting that perhaps those long-term users had
learned ways of coping with the negative effects, such as taking
different drugs. Another study led by researchers at Liverpool
John Moores University showed that taking ecstasy damaged
From the U.S.: The DEA has signed off on a controlled trial
study for the use of ecstasy in trauma cases being conducted by
a South Carolina physician. The funding for the research has
been provided by the Multidisciplinary Association for
Psychedelic Studies (MAPS) in Sarasota, Fla., a nonprofit
research and educational organization (also another leading drug
legalization organization). MAPS has been fighting for years to
get the study approved. The goal is to help people with
debilitating post-traumatic stress disorder face the pain at the
core of their illness and to work with it.
Marijuana: Evidence continues to grow in establishing a
link between use of marijuana and mental illnesses, such as
schizophrenia. New research from the Netherlands examined the
link of cannabis use to the early markers associated with the
progression of schizophrenia and found that there appears to be
a strong association between use of cannabis and earlier age at
first psychotic episode in male schizophrenia patients.
Source: Am J Psychiatry 161:501506, March 2004. “Cannabis Use
and Age at Onset of Schizophrenia” Natalie D. Veen, M.D.,
JeanPaul Selten, M.D., Ph.D., Ingeborg van der Tweel, Wilma G.
Feller, Hans W. Hoek, M.D., Ph.D., and René S. Kahn, M.D., Ph.D.
[I have a number of studies relating schizophrenia and marijuana
use in the electronic library at the DRO should anyone wish to
review other studies in this area]
MOMSTELL HEADLINE ISSUES ON DPNA.ORG