September 19, 2004 Edition
1. LONG TERM IN DRUG
CASE FUELS DEBATE ON SENTENCING
2. TERRORISTS SAID
TO TAP INTO ILLICIT-DRUG TRADE
3. EDITORIAL: DRUG USE SHIFTS
TARGET NOT JUST DRUGS, CRITICS FEAR
5. EXPANDING MEDICAL-MARIJUANA LAW WOULD
6. CREATE DRUG
HAVEN, CZAR SAYS
DUI CONVICT SUES OVER BREATH MACHINE
8. COURT CHOOSES
PRIVACY OVER POT
9. GOODBYE TO THE BINGE: THE RECOVERY HOUSE
ONCE A PARTY DRUG, METH MOVES INTO THE WORKPLACE
11. DISAPPEARANCE" NEW WEAPON IN MEXICO
12. STATE OPENS 'METH WATCH'
13. RESEARCHERS LIST WARNING SIGNS OF TEEN MARIJUANA USE
14. FEDERAL COURT RULES AGAINST
NEVADA MARIJUANA PETITION
15. U.S. NATIONAL DRUG TRENDS
NEW YORK TIMES
LONG TERM IN DRUG CASE FUELS DEBATE ON
Weldon H. Angelos, a 25-year-old producer of rap records, will be
sentenced Tuesday in federal court in Salt Lake City for selling
several hundred dollars in marijuana on each of three occasions, his
first offenses. He faces 63 years in prison.
Laws that set mandatory minimum sentences require 55 of the 63 years
because Mr. Angelos carried a gun while he sold the drugs.
The Angelos case may provide a glimpse of the future. The
constitutionality of federal sentencing guidelines was called into
doubt by a Supreme Court decision in June, but that thinking does
not extend to laws that set mandatory minimum sentences.
If the court strikes down the guidelines this fall, as many expect,
judges will have much greater discretion, to the dismay of many
prosecutors and politicians who worry that judges are not tough
enough on crime.
TERRORISTS SAID TO TAP INTO ILLICIT-DRUG
U.S. soldiers have seized large quantities of opium in raids on
militants' hide-outs in Afghanistan in what government officials say
is proof that terrorists have tapped into the illicit-drug trade to
The Washington Times has acquired U.S. military photographs of
Taliban-al Qaeda sanctuaries that show stashes of mines, rifles and
bags identified as holding hundreds of pounds of opium gum.
Publicly, the Bush administration is reluctant to say that the
Taliban-al Qaeda axis is directly involved in the drug trade.
Instead, officials often say drug smugglers run the trade, with al
Qaeda and Taliban fighters benefiting by using the supply routes to
transport weapons and explosives.
CHRISTIAN SCIENCE MONITOR
EDITORIAL: DRUG USE SHIFTS
A new government report shows fewer young people in America using
drugs like marijuana, Ecstasy, and LSD - good news indeed, and some
evidence that antidrug campaigns continue to work.
The study also confirms a troubling trend - a rise in the abuse of
prescription drugs. In fact, 32.1 million Americans over age 12
reported using a prescription drug for a non-medical (read:
recreational) use - up from 29.6 million the year before.
Society must sound greater warnings about the dangers of abusing
prescription drugs, and work to develop more effective education and
drug-treatment programs for youths and adults. States also can
create better ways of monitoring pharmacies that dispense controlled
TASK-FORCE TARGET NOT JUST DRUGS, CRITICS
The matter on the table was simple enough; the meeting should have
Since October, King County sheriff's deputies had incurred more than
$3,000 in overtime working on a narcotics task force set up by
Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE), a unit of the U.S.
Department of Homeland Security (DHS).
A Metropolitan King County Council subcommittee was asked to
authorize a new agreement that would simply allow the county to be
reimbursed by the feds.
But subcommittee members last month didn't count on hearing from
immigrants-rights advocates still angry about what they say were
ongoing ICE efforts to round up and deport some immigrants.
So a routine matter that would have been dispensed with in minutes
has spilled over into a debate about whether local police can
coordinate law enforcement with immigration authorities without
alienating some immigrant groups.
SALEM STATESMAN JOURNAL
EXPANDING MEDICAL-MARIJUANA LAW WOULD
CREATE DRUG HAVEN, CZAR SAYS
A measure on Oregon's Nov. 2 ballot to expand the medical use of
marijuana is drawing criticism from the White House drug czar, who
says it would turn Oregon into a "safe haven for drug trafficking."
Measure 33 would make it easier for ailing people to obtain
marijuana and allow them to possess more of it.
But White House drug czar John Walters, echoing the criticism of
Oregon's district attorneys, calls Measure 33 a "fraud" against
Oregon voters and a backdoor attempt to legalize marijuana.
Measure 33 would represent a significant expansion of Oregon's
medical-marijuana program, which the state's voters approved in
November 1998. Oregon is among nine states with medical-marijuana
Under Oregon's current law, qualified patients are allowed to grow
and use small amounts of marijuana without fear of prosecution as
long as a doctor says it might help their condition.
The measure on the Nov. 2 ballot would create state-regulated
dispensaries authorized to supply up to six pounds of marijuana per
year to qualified patients, although they could possess only one
pound at any given time.
DUI CONVICT SUES OVER BREATH MACHINE
A lawsuit filed by a two-time drunken driving convict claims a
dashboard device intended to stop people from driving while
intoxicated can actually be a safety hazard.
Jason Reali, 29, said he passed out and crashed his car after
blowing into an ignition interlock, a small machine that measures
alcohol on the breath and won't allow a car to start if the driver
has been drinking.
Forty-five states have laws requiring some drunken driving offenders
to install the devices, which also require a series of sober breath
samples to continue driving. In Pennsylvania alone last year,
interlocks stopped would-be drunken drivers from turning on their
cars nearly 34,000 times.
A heavy smoker, Reali said he blew so hard during one test while he
was driving that he fell unconscious and crashed into a tree,
severely injuring his hand. He was sober at the time.
Reali's lawsuit names the state and an interlock manufacturer as
Other drivers have had similar complaints.
Three years into the war on OxyContin abuse, the casualties
continue. But there's hope where it all began.
FAIRBANKS DAILY NEWS-MINER (AK)
COURT CHOOSES PRIVACY OVER POT
The Alaska Supreme Court denied on Thursday a petition by the state
attorney general's office seeking reconsideration of a decision
allowing personal marijuana in the home.
The Supreme Court upheld last year's Court of Appeal unanimous
ruling in Noy v. State of Alaska that solidified the argument a
person's constitutional right to privacy is greater than a voter
initiative making marijuana illegal.
The Court of Appeals decision was based largely upon a controversial
1975 Alaska Supreme Court opinion handed down in Ravin v. State
allowing adults to possess marijuana for personal use in their home.
GOODBYE TO THE BINGE: THE RECOVERY HOUSE
Most colleges offer substance-abuse prevention programs that warn
about the dangers of binge drinking and illicit drugs. Many urge
students who develop chemical dependencies to leave school and get
treatment. But when those former abusers straighten themselves out
and try to finish their education, they often encounter the same
social situations that got them into trouble in the first place. Now
a small but growing number of colleges are setting up on-campus
recovery programs, and a few even have housing specifically for
former substance abusers.
PARTY DRUG, METH MOVES INTO THE WORKPLACE
Lawyers use it to deal with grueling workloads. Movie executives say
they like how the buzz keeps them focused as they multi-task
throughout the day. It's most popular, researchers say, on
construction sites and in manufacturing plants where workers need to
stay alert during long hours of repetitive work. And the cost — as
little as $100 a month — makes it affordable to many.
While methamphetamines have long been a bane to law enforcement, and
treatment experts say the number of meth addicts has been increasing
for years, the drugs have graduated into a formidable problem in the
The illegal drug, also known as "ice," "Tina" or "crystal," is a
powerful stimulant: A single dose can keep users high for up to 14
hours. At least initially, people say it makes them feel like a
superhero — confident, untouchable and able to accomplish a day's
work in a few hours.
WIRE SERVICES REPORTS
DISAPPEARANCE" NEW WEAPON IN MEXICO DRUG
The incident is one of a rising number of forcible abductions in
crime-ridden towns and cities flanking the 2,000-mile (3,200-km)
U.S. border. They have become so common that local residents have
coined a name for the phenomenon: the "levanton" or "big pickup."
Almost unheard of a decade ago, analysts and rights groups say the
number of disappearances orchestrated by powerful, well-armed and
remorseless drug-trafficking cartels operating across the border
region is above 500 in the last 10 years and could be much higher,
as the drug trade has boomed.
Mexican prosecutors can claim some spectacular victories in the drug
war, including the arrests of major kingpins in recent years. But
the clampdown has led to more bloodletting as second-tier gangs
fight for control of the market and the levanton is one of the
latest forms of drug violence.
BILLINGS GAZETTE (MT)
STATE OPENS 'METH WATCH' PROGRAM
The governor's office launched a statewide campaign Tuesday aimed at
curtailing suspicious sales and thefts of products used to make
Posters and decals marked "Meth Watch" will be distributed to stores
in 12 pilot cities starting in October under the program, which is
funded by a $67,000 grant from the Consumer Health Care Products
Association, said Jean Branscum of the governor's office.
Participating stores will display Meth Watch posters and mark meth
ingredients with Meth Watch decals. Employees will also be required
to limit the number of packages on shelves, impose purchase limits,
learn more about meth and report suspicious purchases to police.
Products used to make methamphetamine include cold and asthma
tablets containing pseudoephedrine, acetone, gas additives,
matchbooks, aluminum foil, coffee filters and propane tanks.
THE TIMES (NJ)
SYRINGE BILLS FACING HEARING
Anyone over the age of 18 would be able to walk into a New Jersey
pharmacy and buy up to 10 syringes without a prescription or get
free needles at exchange programs under a pair of bills aimed at
stopping the spread of AIDS among drug addicts, their lovers and
their newborn babies.
Debate on the controversial measures is expected to start Monday at
an Assembly Health Committee hearing.
the legislation to the governor's desk, said the measures will need
RESEARCHERS LIST WARNING SIGNS OF TEEN MARIJUANA USE
University of Maryland's Center for Substance Abuse Research has
unveiled a list of warning signs that can help determine whether
teens are using marijuana, the
Washington Post reported Sept. 2.
The nine warning signs can be used by parents, educators, and
law-enforcement authorities -- all of whom, the study found, play a
key role in identifying and preventing teens from using drugs.
"This is important because it's the first time we've been able to
scientifically determine the signs and what can result from
marijuana use," said Erin Artigiani, a spokeswoman for the center.
"We found that teenagers really do rely on their parents to shape
their attitudes on drugs. We encourage parents to talk to their kids
about drugs, to understand that drug use is a mistake, and to be
prepared for their responses."
Among the warning signs are: the use of cigarettes and alcohol
before age 15, arrests for alcohol or other drugs, 20 or more
unexcused absences from school, and the attitude that smoking
cigarettes and marijuana is safe.
"A lot of this is, yes, common sense, but there's the perpetual
denial factor. Parents never want to believe that it's their kid,"
said Milt McKenna, a Maryland Department of Education specialist on
safe and drug-free schools. "What this report does is it tells us
that these are no longer the things that we think and believe. Now
we can say: 'Here are the facts. This comes from what your kids are
The study was based on data collected in the 2002 Maryland
Adolescent Survey, which questioned 34,000 sixth, eighth, 10th and
12th-graders about their experiences with alcohol and other drugs.
FEDERAL COURT RULES
AGAINST NEVADA MARIJUANA PETITION
Circuit Court of Appeals has upheld a lower-court ruling that
declared invalid more than 2,000 signatures gathered for a petition
to legalize marijuana in Nevada, the Las Vegas Sun reported Sept. 9.
According to the court, the signatures in question were not of
officially registered voters. Some people registered to vote at the
same time they signed the petition, but the law states that petition
signers are not considered registered voters until their
registrations are received and recorded by their counties' election
"This requirement does not restrict speech," Judges Thomas Nelson
and Andrew Kleinfeld wrote for the court. "What it restricts is the
power of persons not registered to vote to change the laws passed by
the voters' duly elected representatives."
The ruling could put an end to a ballot initiative that sought to
legalize small amounts of marijuana. "We haven't exhausted our legal
options, but this puts the initiative in great peril," said Jennifer
Knight, spokeswoman for the initiative group, the Committee to
Regulate and Control Marijuana.
NATIONAL DRUG TRENDS
Information provided as a benefit and service of the Arizona
H.I.D.T.A., Demand-Reduction Program, Drug-Free Workplaces,
Communities and Schools
Adult marijuana abuse and dependence increased
during the 1990s
Researchers at the National
Institutes of Health compared marijuana use in the U.S. adult
population in 1991-92 and 2001-02 and found that the number of
people reporting use of the drug remained substantially the
same in both time periods, but the prevalence of marijuana
abuse or dependence increased markedly. In the first study
(published in the Journal of the American Medical Association,
May 2004) to assess long-term trends in marijuana abuse and
dependence, as classified in the DSM-IV, researchers found
that the most notable increases were among young
African-American men and women and young Hispanic men.
Marijuana abuse or dependence rose by 22% between 1991-92 and
2001-02, but within that increase, 224% was attributed to
young African-Americans aged 18-29 and 148% among Hispanic men
Patterns of Club Drug Use in the U.S. 2004
From the Center for Excellence in Drug Epidemiology, The
Gulf Coast Addiction Technology Transfer Center at the
University of Texas at Austin. Lead researcher Jane Carlisle
Dr. Maxwell has brought together data from the major drug use
data sources in the U.S. (CEWG, DAWN, Monitoring the Future
Survey, NHSDA, NFLIS) to examine the patterns of the use of
drugs such as MDMA, GHB, ketamine, LSD, methamphetamine, and
Some highlights of the report:
Ecstasy (MDMA) use is spreading from raves and the dance scene
to other venues. Ecstasy users are among the youngest of club
drug users, and cite the psychic effects and dependence as
reasons for using the drug. The drugs MDMA, GHB, ketamine,
LSD, methamphetamine, and Rohypnol® are often referred to
collectively as club drugs, due to their popularity at raves
and dance parties. This distinction, however, fails to take
into account that "each of these drugs has very different
pharmacological, psychological, and physiological properties"
and "that there are important differences in the
characteristics of people who use each of these drugs and the
patterns of their use" (p. 1), according to a recent report
from the Center for Excellence in Drug Epidemiology. Using
qualitative and quantitative information from five national
substance abuse data sources, * the report provides a summary
of current patterns of club drug use in the U.S. Following are
highlights from the report, which is available online at
* Ecstasy (MDMA) While ecstasy use is now decreasing
after a period of rapid increase, use is spreading into
neighborhoods and other venues.
* GHB While GHB use is decreasing, users "are the most
likely of all club drug users to use other drugs at the same
time, especially alcohol" (p. 4). GHB users are typically
older than other club drug users and use the drug for its
* Ketamine Levels of ketamine use have historically
been low. Ketamine users are likely to use multiple drugs,
including cocaine and heroin. The primary motive for using
ketamine is the psychic effects of the drug.
* LSD The highest number of new LSD users ever was
reported in 2000, but then dropped in 2001, and is declining
sharply in most areas today. LSD users are the youngest of all
club drug users and report using the drug for the psychic
effects and because of dependence.
* Methamphetamine Methamphetamine use is one of the
largest drug problems in the U.S. Initially popular on the
west coast, use of methamphetamine is spreading eastward.
While use in the urban party scene is most typical, it is also
becoming popular in rural areas. Methamphetamine users are the
oldest of all club drug users and the least likely to use
multiple drugs. The primary reason for using methamphetamine
is dependence, followed by psychic effects.
* Rohypnol® Since becoming illegal to import into the
U.S., use of this drug has declined. However it still remains
popular among Hispanic populations on the Mexico border and in
Miami (68% of Rohypnol® users are Hispanic), and is more
likely than any other club drug to be used for its psychic
Inhalant Abuse in the U.S.
According to data from the American Association of Poison
Control Systems, between 1996 and 2001, the top five inhalants
(beginning with the most commonly used) causing death were:
gasoline and other hydrocarbons; air fresheners;
propane/butane and other gases; formalin; and paint.
Gasoline, air fresheners and propane/butane accounted for 53%
of the inhalant abuse cases, yet accounted for 82% of deaths.
The highest percentage of abusers were seen in youth aged 6-19
years. The data has been published in The American Journal
of Drug and Alcohol Abuse
drug threats to the U.S.
According to the most recent (2003) National Threat Survey
compiled by the National Drug Intelligence Center (NDIC),
state and local law enforcement agencies have identified
powder or crack cocaine and methamphetamine as the greatest
U.S. drug threats. Marijuana and heroin followed. There were
regional variances such as the cocaine threat was perceived as
greatest in the Great Lakes, Northeast/Mid-Atlantic, and
Southeast regions of the country. Methamphetamine was
reported as a greater problem in the Pacific, West Central and
According to the Treatment Episode Data Set (TEDS) report
from the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services
Administration, (2002) admissions for treatment in 2002 as
compared to 1992 are up for the abuse of narcotic prescription
medications (2%), heroin (15%), marijuana (15%) and
methamphetamine (7%), while admissions for cocaine treatment
(13%) have declined. The average age at admission was 34
years while the average age of admission for primary marijuana
abuse was 23 years of age. Alcohol abuse accounted for 43% of
2002 admissions, down from 59% in 1992. However, 45% of the
primary alcohol abuse admissions reported secondary drug abuse
as well. There were a total of 1.9 million annual admissions
to treatment reported to state administrative data systems.
REGIONAL U. S.
Greenwich CT narcotics detectives are finding an
increase in the amount of marijuana mixed with heroin and
PCP. In July of this year, the unit seized 19.2 grams of
marijuana laced with heroin as compared to only 3.25 grams of
the same mixture seized between March 2002 and April 2003.
Heroin powder is sprinkled on marijuana or a liquid form of
PCP is being used to soak the marijuana before it is sold.
Also being seized is "illy", a mixture of marijuana and
formaldehyde which induces effects similar to PCP use. New
York and other Connecticut police departments report marijuana
being laced with addictive narcotics in the Northeast. (See
also 'Massachusetts' below)
The Marijuana Policy Project attempted, without
success, to attach an amendment to this year's Department of
Justice Appropriation bill that would have prohibited
the DOJ from using its funds to prevent laws allowing
marijuana use as a 'medicine' from being implemented in the
following states: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado,
Hawai'i, Maine, Maryland, Nevada, Oregon, and Washington.
Sponsor of the amendment was Rep. Maurice D. Hinchey (NY).
There were no co-sponsors of the amendment. The amendment
failed by a wider margin than last year's failed attempt.
Rep. Brad Carson introduced a bill in the house (HR 4395)
entitled the Ephedrine Alkaloids Regulation Act of 2004
intended to amend the CSA to authorize ephedrine alkaloids,
including ephedrine and pseudoephedrine to be listed in
schedule V. The bill also revises the definition of 'regulated
transaction' for the purposes of establishing and regulating a
threshold level for sales of the drugs. The bill excepts
pseudoephedrine when contained in a drug that is in liquid or
gel form marketed/distributed lawfully under the Food, Drug
and Cosmetic Act. The bill currently is in the Subcommittee
on Crime, Terrorism and Homeland Security (since June 28,
An update on how Proposition 36 is working for
California (The Substance Abuse and Crime Prevention Act of
2000, a legalization tactic) [Note: UCLA will be issuing its
report on Proposition 36 in September 2004]
This voter initiative (funded by G. Soros and other
drug-legalization advocates) was passed under the guise of
offering a program that put drug offenders into treatment in
lieu of prison. Now, less than four years after passage, a
93-page report of the program has been released by the Ventura
County Grand Jury. The report states that the program has
been managed poorly, with the result being that the program
has "compromised public safety and health." Law enforcement
officials have stated that Proposition 36 may have contributed
to an increase in crime observed over the past year. The
Grand Jury report criticizes the program for failing to do
enough random testing; refusing to provided law enforcement
agencies with the test results; failing to compile reliable
data. Without reliable data, the Proposition mandate that
offenders testing positive three times are required to be sent
to prison, is difficult to act upon in a timely manner.
A drug trend: an increase in calls about cough and
cold medicine abuse in 2003 has been observed by the Rocky
Mountain Poison Center. The Center noted a 20% increase in
such calls in 2003. It was also reported that only calls about
sleeping pills and painkillers topped calls about cough and
cold medicine abuse. In May of 2004, a 20-year-old
Westminster man died while attempting to get high on Coricidin
HBP, an over-the-counter tablet form of cough medicine. The
active ingredient in Coricidin is dextromethorphan, or DXM or
Dex, which can cause fanciful hallucinations but also
seizures, as well as permanent kidney and liver damage.
Coricidin also contains a few milligrams of chlorpheniramine
maleate, which is metabolized by the same liver enzyme as DXM,
which creates a dangerous combination when DXM is also
present. In the Center's 2003 report, it was also noted that
there was an increase in calls (over the number of calls in
2002) relating to marijuana, heroin, cocaine, methamphetamine,
dextromethorphan, painkillers/oxycodone, methadone, and other
drugs. The only decrease in calls related to a substance were
calls relating to ethyl alcohol. It was also noted that the
total number of calls in 2003 decreased from the number of
calls in 2002.
Iowa has the dubious distinction of seizing the most
meth labs and manufacturing equipment during the first half
of 2004 than any other state in the U.S. During the first
half of 2004, seizures were up 23% from the same period in
2003. The incidents of labs found between Jan. 1 and July 1
also placed Iowa first, per capita, followed by Arkansas and
North Dakota. In 2003, Missouri had more meth-related
seizures per capita than Iowa. Iowa's 'meth incident' numbers
vary from the federal statistics due to the fact that a few
police departments fail to report 'meth incidents' to both the
State and Federal agencies.
As reported in a February (2004) National Drug News Technical
Advisory, Iowa drug policy makers sought passage of a law
placing restrictions on the sale of cold medicines containing
pseudoephedrine. Passage was successful and that new law
recently went into effect. It restricts the sale of certain
cold medicines to two packages at a time and restricts store
placement of any medicine that contains only one active
ingredient - pseudoephedrine.
Methadone deaths triple between 1998 and 2002
According to the recent report, DEWS Investigates: What Is
Behind the Rise in Methadone Deaths in Maryland?, DEWS
researchers analyzed demographic data for 225 methadone-caused
deaths reported by the Maryland State Office of the Chief
Medical Examiner (OCME) during the five-year period.
In addition, researchers, using a subset of 64 cases, also
tried to determine changes over time in how the methadone was
obtained and the decedents reasons for using it. While more
information was needed to answer those questions, researchers
did find that 16% of decedents in the period 2000 to 2002 were
known to be in a methadone treatment program (MTP) at the time
of death. They also found that the proportion of decedents
who were known to be enrolled in MTPs at the time of death
decreased markedly (from 50% in 1998 to 1999 to 16% in 2000 to
2002), while the proportion known to have a legal prescription
for methadone increased slightly (from 0% to 5%). This
suggests that "many methadone-caused deaths in Maryland have
not involved addicts. Researchers also found that the
2000-2002 decedents were more likely to have more than one
drug in their system (89%) than the 1998-1999 group (63%).
Most commonly found in addition to methadone were:
antidepressants, antihistamines, cocaine and antipsychotics.
Heroin use among suburban middle- and high-school
Heroin use is no longer an inner-city problem for MA, with the
drug being readily available in places such as Natick, an
upper-class, rich neighborhood involving high school
students. According to the Norfolk district attorney's
office, the average age of initial heroin use in the state is
now 17 years of age. The cost of the drug is at an all-time
low of $5 per dose in some areas. Purity has risen from about
16% to more than 80%. According to the MA Department of
Public Health, there has been a 25% increase in the number of
people seeking treatment for heroin abuse since 1995, with
Middlesex and Worcester districts seeing an 85% increase in
those seeking treatment. Heroin cases in Framingham District
Court are up about 40% from 4 years ago. In the past year, 4
middle school students (6th-8th grade) were arrested on heroin
charges in Norfolk. Use of heroin as part of a 'weight
reduction' plan has also been reported amongst middle-school
girls in Medfield where heroin is injected just under the skin
to induce vomiting. The practice is called 'skin popping'.
There are also suggestions that marijuana is being laced with
As follow up to the Drug Legalization technical
advisory of August 5, 2004, the supporters of a ballot
initiative to amend the city charter for Minneapolis have
turned in almost double the needed number of signatures to get
the measure on the November 2004 ballot. Signatures are
currently being verified but it is anticipated the measure
will be qualified for the November ballot. The amendment
would require the city council to license marijuana
Update on the ballot question regarding legalization
of marijuana The ACLU filed suit when the Secretary of State
ruled there were not enough signatures based upon Nevada's
"13-County" rule. Readers will also remember that the
supporters of the ballot question somehow forgot to turn in a
stack of petitions containing 6,000 signatures. A federal
judge ruled August 13th that Nevada's process for putting
initiative petitions on the ballot was unconstitutional and
issued a permanent injunction that prohibits the Secretary of
State from nullifying votes based on those rules. Judge Mahan
also denied a claim in the lawsuit, filed by the Committee to
Regulate and Control Marijuana and the American Civil
Liberties Union of Nevada, that called into question whether
someone who signs a petition can register to vote after
signing. According to the ACLU, that issue will be appealed
to the 9th Circuit. In the meantime, 100% of the signatures
must be verified by Sept. 2nd when the absentee ballots must
Follow-up to April 2004 Drug News Technical Advisory
It has been reported by the Oklahoma Bureau of Narcotics and
Dangerous Drugs Control that methamphetamine lab busts in
Oklahoma have dropped more than 70 percent since the "Trooper
Green Act" law took effect. The law restricts purchases of
pseudoephedrine tablets and blister packs. This dramatic
decline in lab busts in Oklahoma has fueled fears that
producers of meth will move across the Red River into Texas.
C. E. Edwards
Demand Reduction Office
Drug-Free Workplaces, Communities and Schools
520-547-8845 (Tucson, AZ) or 877-817-6809 (toll-free)
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