NOVEMBER 06, 2004 Edition
CAMPAIGN DRAWS IN $857,000
STATISTICS USED TO DEFEND BOTH SIDES
COUNSELOR CAN'T VOTE
FOLLOW SUBURBS' LEAD ON POT: WRITE TICKETS
MYSTERY OF THE COCA PLANT THAT WOULDN'T DIE
FIND DRUG HIGH A POTENT FIELD OF INQUIRY
COMPLICATE COLOMBIA'S PEACE PLAN
TO LEGALIZE POT FAILS BIG
MEDICAL MARIJUANA APPROVED
KEY BALLOT MEASURES GO GOVERNOR'S WAY
MAKE POT A LOW PRIORITY
OREGON: MEASURE 33 - BID TO EXPAND MEDICAL MARIJUANA
BOTH POT PROPOSITIONS PASS BY A LARGE MARGIN
NEARLY 75% OF THE WEST NOW COVERED BY MEDICAL
15. LIQUEFIED HEROIN DISCOVERED IN FRUIT JUICE BOXES
MARIJUANA BILL REINTRODUCED
DA USES WMD LAW AGAINST ALLEGED DRUG DEALER
18. ALASKA: MAN
WHO CAUSED 2 SEVERE CRASHES MAY GET 60 DAYS
19. BUSH ADMINISTRATION DRUG POLICY IN THE UNITED STATES: A
RECORD OF SUCCESS
MARIJUANA MYTHS AND FACTS
21 SUMMARY OF OUTCOMES ON MARIJUANA BALLOT INITIATIVES
ANCHORAGE DAILY NEWS
MARIJUANA CAMPAIGN DRAWS IN $857,000
The main group pressing to
legalize marijuana in Alaska has taken in
$857,000, making its effort the most expensive
ballot issue campaign in Alaska since at least
1997, according to new campaign finance
Alaskans For Marijuana Regulation and Control
has already spent about $831,000 on polls,
canvassing, staff services, mailers and print
and broadcast advertisements pushing Ballot
Measure 2, which will appear on Tuesday's
ballot and aims to legalize pot for adults 21
Almost all of the group's money comes from the
Washington, D.C.-based Marijuana Policy
Project, according to reports filed with the
Alaska Public Offices Commission. The
organization is also funding legalization
efforts in other states this year including
Nevada, Montana and Oregon.
FAIRBANKS DAILY NEWS-MINER
POT STATISTICS USED TO DEFEND BOTH SIDES
It's not often when people on
both sides of an issue use the same statistics
to make their points.
Both opponents and proponents of a ballot
measure to legalize marijuana, however, cite
some of the same figures in arguing whether
voters should approve ro defeat the measure
Opponents of Ballot Measure No. 2 have rallied
against marijuana legalization by pointing to
statistics such as one-fourth of Alaska
students reporting in a 2003 survey that they
had used marijuana at least once in the last
The response by initiative supporters: Thanks
for making our case that current marijuana
criminalization efforts don't work.
Four years after rejecting a more liberal
marijuana legalization proposal 59 percent to
41 percent, voters will be asked Tuesday
whether all civil and criminal penalties for
marijuana use, distribution and possession
should be removed from state law and if the
state should be able to regulate the drug like
alcohol or tobacco.
ADDICTION COUNSELOR CAN'T VOTE
CITY MAY FOLLOW SUBURBS' LEAD ON POT: WRITE
When Brandon Sobon and two
friends were ticketed in Wilmette for
marijuana possession, they weren't happy but
knew it could have been a lot worse. They
could have been stopped in Chicago.
Sobon and his friends were returning from
dinner in July when police pulled the driver
over for a minor traffic violation. A
Wilmette officer searched the vehicle and
discovered a small bag of marijuana--about one
joint's worth-- in the glove compartment.
If a Chicago police officer had stopped them,
they could have been arrested, fingerprinted
and assigned a court date. Instead, each
received the equivalent of a parking ticket, a
$100 fine under a village ordinance regarding
the possession of less than 10 grams of
As Chicago officials consider a similar method
of ticketing people caught with small amounts
of marijuana, they need not look far to find
examples of how it might play out on the
streets. Many Chicago suburbs have done it for
THE MYSTERY OF THE COCA PLANT THAT WOULDN'T
Over the past three years,
rumors of a new strain of coca have circulated
in the Colombian military. The new plant,
samples of which are spread out on this table,
goes by different names: supercoca, la
millonaria. Here in the southern region it's
known as Boliviana negra. The most impressive
characteristic is not that it produces more
leaves - though it does - but that it is
resistant to glyphosate. The herbicide, known
by its brand name, Roundup, is the key
ingredient in the US-financed, billion-dollar
aerial coca fumigation campaign that is a
cornerstone of America's war on drugs.
One possible explanation: The farmers of the
region may have used selective breeding to
develop a hardier strain of coca. If a plant
happened to demonstrate herbicide resistance,
it would be more widely cultivated, and
clippings would be either sold or, in many
cases, given away or even stolen by other
farmers. Such a peer-to-peer network could,
over time, result in a coca crop that can
withstand large-scale aerial spraying
But experts in herbicide resistance suspect
that there is another, more intriguing
possibility: The coca plant may have been
genetically modified in a lab.
RESEARCHERS FIND DRUG HIGH A POTENT FIELD OF
A decade ago, when Daniele
Piomelli went to scientific conferences, he
was often the only researcher studying
cannabinoids, the class of chemicals that give
marijuana users a high.
His work often drew snickers and jokes - but
no more. At the annual Society for
Neuroscience conference last week, scientists
here delivered almost 200 papers on the
Why the attention? Many scientists think
marijuana-like drugs might be able to treat a
wide range of diseases, far beyond the nausea
and chronic pain typically treated with
CHRISTIAN SCIENCE MONITOR
DRUGS COMPLICATE COLOMBIA'S PEACE PLAN
Francisco Javier Zuluago,
otherwise known as "Gordolindo," is one of
Colombia's most notorious drug traffickers,
having served as a trusted aide in one of the
country's powerful drug cartels.
But "Gordolindo" suddenly has a new calling
card: political chief of the Pacific Bloc of
the United Self-Defense Forces of Colombia (AUC),
the country's feared right-wing death squad.
Gordolindo and other renowned Colombian drug
dealers, including Diego Montoya Sanchez, who
is on the FBI's 10 Most Wanted List alongside
Osama bin Laden, have suddenly undergone a
political makeover. They have donned
paramilitary fatigues and begun calling
For 22 months, the government of President
Alvaro Uribe has been trying to get the
country's 20,000 irregular soldiers, who have
fought a decades-long battle with leftist
insurgents, to lay down their weapons. The
first breakthrough could come this week: the
AUC has pledged to demobilize 3,000 men in
what would be the biggest such move in
Colombian history. Many of them could be
granted a full pardon. But under Colombian
law, that immunity would not extend to
narcotraffickers. So some of the country's
biggest drug dealers are now joining - and
even buying their way into - these militias,
trying to garner the benefits of a potential
peace deal. This "narcoization" of the
paramilitaries is threatening to undermine an
already fragile peace process.
Paramilitaries involved in drug trafficking
isn't a new phenomenon - several renowned AUC
chiefs have been indicted or are wanted for
extradition by the US on drug-related charges.
But some say the AUC is now primarily a drug
cartel, a far cry from its founding as an
opposition force to the heavily armed Marxist
guerrillas, who began their war against the
government in 1964.
INITIATIVE TO LEGALIZE POT FAILS BIG
A massive spending campaign by
the fans of legalized marijuana in Alaska
failed to convince voters.
With about 82 percent of precincts reporting
Tuesday night, voters rejected by a crushing
margin the notion that pot should be legal for
adults 21 and older to possess, grow, buy or
give away. Backers of Ballot Measure 2 spent
huge sums making their case in print and
broadcast media, vastly outspending foes.
MEDICAL MARIJUANA APPROVED
Montanans suffering from certain medical
conditions may be able to legally smoke
marijuana to ease their symptoms come January
The Medical Marijuana Act passed by a 63 to 37
percent margin Tuesday with 375 of 881
precincts reporting. The new act will protect
patients, their doctors and their caregivers
from state and local arrest and prosecution
for the medical use of marijuana.
KEY BALLOT MEASURES GO GOVERNOR'S WAY
On one of the most crowded
initiative ballots in California history, two
of the most contested measures — to ease the
state's three-strikes law and require
businesses to provide workers with health
insurance — were behind with more than 70% of
the vote counted.
And a proposition expanding authorities'
ability to collect DNA samples was approved.
In the final days of the election, none of
those measures captured as much attention as
Proposition 66. The initiative aimed to ease
California's three-strikes law by allowing
life sentences to be meted out for
third-strike crimes only if those offenses
were violent or serious as defined by the
Though it had inspired similarly tough laws in
other states, California's law had remained
one of the harshest even as crime fell in
September and October polls that showed the
proposition leading heavily persuaded
Schwarzenegger to spend about $2 million of
his own campaign kitty to fight it.
MAKE POT A LOW PRIORITY
Voters on Tuesday laid the
groundwork for the decriminalization of
marijuana by voting overwhelmingly for Measure
Z, which orders the Oakland Police Department
to make private, adult use of pot its lowest
According to early unofficial returns, Measure
Z received almost two-thirds of the vote,
appearing to win decisively.
Celebrating at the Old Bulldog Cafe in the
heart of what was once known as "Oaksterdam,"
supporters said the victory heralded the end
of the drug war in Oakland.
MEASURE 33 - BID TO EXPAND MEDICAL MARIJUANA
Oregon voters have rejected a
ballot measure that would have expanded the
state's current medical-marijuana law.
Measure 33 lost decisively Tuesday, leaving in
place Oregon's current medical marijuana
statute, the Oregon Medical Marijuana Act.
Opponents of the measure, including law
enforcement officials and the Libertarian
Party, hailed voters' decision for starkly
BOTH POT PROPOSITIONS PASS BY A LARGE MARGIN
With the passage of two
marijuana-related initiatives Tuesday,
Columbia voters have placed the city on the
progressive edge of drug-law reform in the
With more than half the ballots tallied,
voters were approving Proposition 1 69 percent
to 31 percent as of press time. The measure
makes it legal for chronically ill patients to
possess and use marijuana with a doctor's
consent. Physicians who prescribe marijuana to
patients will no longer face arrest and
Supporters of the measure were elated with the
results, which represent a landmark in
NEARLY 75% OF THE WEST NOW COVERED BY MEDICAL
With Montana's approval of a
medical marijuana initiative, nearly
of Western states now have such laws - while
only two of the 37 states outside
the West have adopted them.
Why is the West so much more receptive to the
From a procedural standpoint, it's just easier
to get pot issues on Western
ballots because most states in the region
allow such initiatives. Nationwide,
just 24 states allow citizens to put issues on
the ballot by petition, bypassing
the Legislature. Eleven of those states are in
But activists and political scientists also
say Westerners are less willing than
other Americans to tell their neighbors what
they can and can't do. And
historically, Western states tend to be in
front on social trends.
LIQUEFIED HEROIN DISCOVERED IN FRUIT JUICE
-- Nearly 100 fruit juice boxes containing
liquid heroin were > intercepted Wednesday in
a shipment from Colombia, federal officials
The 6-ounce boxes, labeled "Hit Fruit Drink,"
contained a total
of 38 kilograms, or about 84 pounds, of
heroin worth $1.7 million.
The juice boxes were part of a
private shipment that wasn't destined for the
United States food supply, Immigration and
Customs Enforcement agents said.
The juice would be deadly if consumed. The
6-ounce boxes, labeled "Hit Fruit Drink,"
contained a total of 38
kilograms, or about 84 pounds, of heroin worth
Customs agents said the juice was initially
bought from a grocery store in Colombia, then
emptied and refilled with heroin. The shipment
was relabeled and five pallets of boxes were
shipped alongside pallets of legitimate juice
boxes, the agents said.
The pallets were intercepted at
an undisclosed location in Miami and
federal agents are working to track the drug
dealers responsible, customs agents said. In
1990, a 25-year-old man died after drinking a
cocaine-laced Colombian soft drink that was
part of a drug smuggling scheme. It went awry
when burglars broke into a warehouse, stole
cases of the drink not knowing what they
contained, and sold them to local grocers.
The FBI discovered at least 45 contaminated
bottles of Pony Malta, some on store
shelves. Copyright 2004 by The Associated
Press. All rights reserved. This material may
not be published, broadcast, rewritten or
MARIJUANA BILL REINTRODUCED
The government reintroduced
legislation to decriminalize possession of
small amounts of marijuana. Under the plan,
anyone possessing 15 grams (about half an
ounce) or less would be issued a fine rather
than face criminal charges. The government has
pledged several times to pass the bill,
despite opposition from the
but earlier efforts were scuttled when
parliamentary sessions ended prematurely.
Colin Campbell (NYT)
PHILADELPHIA DA USES WMD LAW
AGAINST ALLEGED DRUG DEALER
by KYW's Mike DeNardo
A man and his two sons are
facing trial in Philadelphia, on charges they
kept weapons of mass destruction in their
North Philadelphia home.
But the defendants aren't
political terrorists -- they're alleged drug
This is the first use of a
Pennsylvania law enacted after September 11th
that increases penalties for terrorists.
The Philadelphia DA is using it
against drug dealers who use explosives to
protect their stashes.
A Pennsylvania state law
adopted after 9/11 defines weapons of mass
destruction as biological or chemical agents
or bombs and explosives devices used for
In the first case headed for
trial, police say a father and his two sons
had an armor-piercing rocket, three grenades,
and 20,000 rounds of ammo in their North
In a second case, police say, a
Northeast Philadelphia man had rigged a bomb
to protect his methamphetamine lab.
Convictions under the "WMD" law
can tack on an extra 20 years to any sentence.
in Progress Room 306 CJC, 1301 Filbert
Street - Jury Selection to End Tuesday,
Openings and Testimony to begin on
ALASKA: MAN WHO CAUSED 2
SEVERE CRASHES MAY GET 60 DAYS
Posted: Oct. 31, 2004
Juneau - In the span of six
months, Nicholas Vogg caused two major car
crashes that left one man dead and critically
injured a friend.
Authorities suspected that
marijuana played a role in the first crash and
that alcohol contributed to the second.
But Vogg could walk out of
Dodge County Circuit Court with only a term of
probation and 60 days in jail as punishment
because a new law took effect too late to be
invoked for the first crash and because he
walked away from the scene of the second.
drugged-driving law didn't take effect until
six months after Vogg pulled away from a stop
sign and into the path of a car driven by Paul
Kozlowski, killing him.
Of the first case, Dodge County
District Attorney Steven Bauer said in an
interview last week, "Now we have the exact
law that I could have used for the
circumstances. I understand that the family
(of Kozlowski) is upset, but we did what we
could under the law."
After a lengthy investigation,
Bauer decided he could charge Vogg only with
possession of marijuana and drug paraphernalia
for what was found in the car and nothing for
what was found in his system.
Not enough to convict
"The level of THC (the active
ingredient in marijuana that produces its
high) was low, and there was no one that would
testify that it made him impaired," Bauer
said. "There was not enough to convict him of
operating while impaired.
Vogg has been charged with two
felony counts of injury by intoxicated use of
a vehicle in November 2003 in connection with
the second crash.
Cindy Kozlowski, whose husband
of 43 years was killed in the first accident,
wrote in a letter to the judge presiding over
Vogg's cases that the second crash
demonstrated that he had no remorse.
"A life was cut short due to
his actions!" she wrote in a letter to Dodge
County Circuit Judge Daniel Klossner. "This
second accident caused my family and myself
almost as much anguish, grief and stress as
the first one."
Bauer said he would have liked
to come down harder on Vogg, but circumstances
and the law prevented him from doing so.
As for the second crash, Bauer
said, "The case has some problems with proving
impairment. He wasn't actually arrested until
some time after the accident."
Although he was drinking on the
night of the second incident - a rollover
crash in which he critically injured a friend,
then abandoned him and the overturned car - by
the time he was arrested, it was too late to
accurately determine his blood-alcohol
concentration at the time of the crash,
Bauer said he has learned that
because of Vogg's late arrest and the delay in
getting blood, there would be difficulty
proving his impairment at the time of the
Both cases were scheduled for
Thursday, but the proceedings were postponed.
DA: No comment on deal
Bauer said Thursday, "I'm not
going to comment on pending plea negotiations.
I do not want to talk about anything that
could have an impact on his (Vogg's) ability
to have a trial if he chooses to do so."
Attempts to reach Vogg's defense attorney,
Patrick H. Madden, were unsuccessful.
But Linda Kozlowski Bourret,
Paul Kozlowski's daughter, said she was
informed by the district attorney's office
that both cases are expected to be resolved in
a plea bargain involving misdemeanor - not
felony - convictions and an expected sentence
of probation and 60 days in jail, an outcome
she considers lenient.
The first crash occurred on
March 16, 2003, when Paul Kozlowski, 67, of
Neosho was eastbound on Highway 33 in the Town
of Hubbard. A Dodge County Sheriff's
Department report says that Vogg, now 22, of
Neosho, was northbound on county Highway TW
when he pulled away from a stop sign and into
the path of Kozlowski's car.
Kozlowski died from internal
injuries while Vogg and a passenger in the car
he drove, Christopher Hertzel, 20, survived.
At a hospital, Vogg admitted having smoked
marijuana "on the night of March 15, 2003,"
according to a criminal complaint.
"If Nicholas Vogg hadn't have
been smoking pot while driving, his judgment
at that intersection wouldn't have been
compromised," Kozlowski Bourret says in
another letter to Klossner.
'Numerous' empty beer cans
The second crash occurred at
2:30 a.m. on Sept. 13, 2003, when a car Vogg
was driving roared through a stop sign on
county Highway P in the Town of Ashippun, hit
an embankment, went airborne and landed on its
roof in a thicket, spewing "numerous" empty
beer cans, according to a Dodge County
Sheriff's Department report.
When he left the scene, Vogg
left his friend, Thomas J. Miller, 21, with a
broken leg, a broken elbow and head injuries.
Deputies finally found Vogg walking along a
county trunk highway, and he readily admitted
having been the driver.
Blood samples were obtained
from him at 9:15 a.m. and 9:30, according to
court records, and subsequent tests fixed the
alcohol concentration in them at 0.11 and
0.10. A level of 0.08 is considered evidence
While undergoing treatment at
Beaver Dam Community Hospital, Vogg said he'd
been involved in accidents in the past and
probably would be in the future, according to
a sheriff's deputy's report.
"Vogg also told me that he had
the best lawyer in Dodge County and that it
was well worth the money spent to stay out of
jail, as this lawyer could get him out of most
of his charges," Deputy Kevin Harvancik said
in the report.
BUSH ADMINISTRATION DRUG
POLICY IN THE UNITED STATES: A RECORD OF
Committee on Government Reform
Washington, Nov 1 - Bush
Administration Drug Policy in the United
States: A Record of Success
• Despite being outspent by as
much as 30 to 1, initiatives that would
legalize or decriminalize marijuana and
other drugs failed last year in Nevada,
Ohio, Arizona, and Missouri. This marks a
significant change in public opinion
• Anti-drug coalitions, which work
to stem drug use locally, now number over
University of Michigan’s
Monitoring the Future study:
• Use of any illicit drug in the
past year decreased by a statistically
significant amount from 2001 to 2002 among
8th and 10th graders. Use at least once in
the student’s lifetime declined among 8th
graders, and use in the past month
declined among tenth graders. The
percentages of 8th and 10th graders using
any illicit drug were at their lowest
level since 1993 and 1995, respectively.
• Among 10th graders, marijuana
use in the past year and past month
decreased from 2001 to 2002, and daily use
in the past month was down as well. The
past-year marijuana use rate of 14.6
percent among 8th graders is the lowest
level seen since 1994.
• Ecstasy use in the past year and
past month decreased significantly among
10th graders from 2001 to 2002. Ecstasy
use was down in all three grades.
Past-year use rates were below those for
year 2000 in each grade. This is a major
• Lifetime and past-year LSD use
decreased significantly among 8th, 10th
and 12th graders. Past-year and past-month
LSD use by 12th graders reached the lowest
point in the 28-year history of the
• Lifetime use of inhalants
decreased in 8th and 10th graders, and
past year use declined for 8th graders.
Long-Term Successes, according to
the National Household Survey on Drug
• Adolescent drug use was
prevalent in less than 1 percent of
twelve-to seventeen-year-olds in 1962. By
1979, that number peaked at 34 percent. By
then, 65 percent of high-school seniors
had tried an illicit drug, 39 percent were
using drugs monthly, and 1 in 9 smoked
marijuana daily. Young peoples' alcohol
use paralleled their drug use, and while
the death rate for all other age groups
declined, adolescents' death rate rose by
8 percent, an increase fueled by the
unprecedented upsurge in drug use.
• Political leadership, an
increased stigma attached to drug use,
parent groups, and other community
organizations drove down drug use between
1979 and 1992. This effort cut
regular drug use in half among all
Americans (from 25 million to 11 million),
by two thirds among adolescents and young
adults, and cut daily marijuana use among
seniors by 500 percent (from 11 percent to
• Though rising again in the
mid-nineties, drug use has fallen again.
• Drug courts, court supervised
programs where arrestees receive treatment
in lieu of incarceration, are expanding
rapidly. As of August 2004, there are
nearly 1,500 drug courts in existence or
being planned around the country.
University’s Drug Court ClearinghouseØ reports that over 400,000 drug-using offenders have
participated in drug court programs since
their inception in 1989. In 1997, the
Government Accounting Office (GAO)
reported that 71% of all offenders
entering drug courts since 1989 have
either successfully completed their drug
court program or are currently actively
participating in their program.
Recidivism among all drug
court participants has ranged from 5 to
28% and less than 4% for drug court
The Federal government has sponsored the
Cannabis Youth Treatment Study (CYT),
which has developed innovative and
effective treatment methodologies.
Using these treatment approaches, the
youth reporting abstinence from intake
went from 4% to 13% (3 months) to 34% (6
months) & those with no past month
symptoms of substance-abuse related
problems went from 19% to 39% (3 months)
to 61% (6 months).
When fully implemented, the President’s
Access to Recovery Initiative will reach
300,000 people otherwise unable to receive
individualized drug treatment from a
variety of community sources.
President Uribe has made substantial
progress over the past two years. He has
shown that when democracy, stability and
security flourish, progress can be made
against the narco-terrorists who threaten
our way of life.
U.S. estimates of cocaØ
eradication have shown a dramatic drop of
21 percent in coca cultivation in Colombia
for 2003. Net coca cultivation dropped
from 144,450 hectares in 2002 to 113,850
hectares in 2003. This compares to 169,800
hectares cultivated during the peak
growing year of 2001.
According to the GOC, the number of kidnappings in Colombia has almost halved in the first
half of this year. 966 people were
abducted in the first six months of 2004,
compared with 1,906 in the same period
In Mexico, intensive efforts have resulted
in the eradication of 36,600 hectares of
marijuana. Mexico also eradicated 20,000
hectares of opium poppy.
Major progress continues to be made in
both interdicting drugs (those
manufactured in Mexico as well as those
being transshipped through Mexico) and
attacking drug trafficking organizations
and cartel leadership. In 2003, Mexican
law enforcement agencies seized 2,019
metric tons of marijuana, 191 kilograms of
opium gum, 289 kilograms of heroin, 20
metric tons of cocaine, and 726 kilograms
In April, Mexican Authorities Captured
Otto Herrera Central America’s Most-Wanted
Drug Smuggler. Herrera had been linked to
Cali cartel in Colombia and has cooperated
with reputed Mexican kingpin Ismael ‘El
Mayo’ Zambada, whose drug smuggling
syndicate is thought to be based in the
resort city of Mazatlan. In August of
2004, Mexican authorities captured
Gilberto Higuera Guerrero, a drug
trafficker accused of handling half of the
illegal drugs smuggled into the U.S. from
• The National Institute on Drug
Abuse now funds over 85% of the world’s
research on drugs, and their budget has
been increased $36 million to $996 million
in FY 2004.
MARIJUANA MYTHS AND FACTS
The Truth Behind 10 Popular Misperceptions
OUTCOMES ON MARIJUANA BALLOT INITIATIVES
Thanks to Kevin Sabet for this
Ballot measures that did not
Alaska did NOT PASS marijuana
legalization -- huge victory for us there.
Oregon did NOT PASS a measure to
expand their existing medical marijuana
structure. Very good for us.
The city of Berkeley did NOT PASS (by
1%) a measure to greatly liberalize
the amount of plants allowed to be
distributed by existing medical mj
dispensaries or care givers. Very good
MPP more or less did not succeed in
unseating and reshuffling the VT
legislature to make it more med mj
MPP DID NOT succeed in unseating their
targeted House members who voted
against the last medical marijuana
The bad news:
Montana DID pass medical marijuana,
making it the 10th state to do so. Not
good, but not a surprise.
The city of Oakland DID PASS a measure
to treat marijuana as the lowest law
enforcement priority; it also mandates
the Oakland City Council to lobby for
marijuana legalization on the state
and federal level. Not good for us, but
In Ann Arbor, Measure C, which amends
the city charter to permit medical use
of marijuana, passed. This is the
second win for medical marijuana in
Michigan this year: Detroit's Measure
M passed 60% to 40% on August 3.
Columbia voters approved a local
medical marijuana proposal, Proposition.
Proposition 2, which would treat
misdemeanor marijuana possession cases as
civil matters in municipal court,
reducing penalties to a maximum $250 fine
(instead of a possible year in jail)
with no criminal record, was also ahead
at 60% to 40%. I am a bit surprised
Prop 2 passed.
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