THE PREVENTION OF DRUG CONSUMPTION
The prevention of drug consumption is one of
the main objectives of society as a whole. It is an objective to
which all the elements of society must compromise and
participate: The government, the Non governmental organizations,
entrepreneurs, unions, everybody! In order to achieve this
objective, we must realize that no one is excluded from this task;
A task that we must all be committed to.
- Avoid the consumption of drugs in our
- Detect specific strengths and weaknesses
in the different sectors of the population.
- Develop state public policies based on
scientific research with the help of all the elements of
- To educate the public, especially children
and teenagers in order to help them to have healthy lifestyles
that exclude drug consumption of any kind.
EDUCATION FOR LIFE
Specialists unanimously agree that
education is one of the best ways to avoid drug consumption as an
alternative to solve the problems that everyday life implies. We
try to give education for a healthy life, oriented to the
intellectual, emotional and social growth of the child and the
teenager. Its objective is to increase their ability to make the
right decisions, to make clear what the moral values are and to
encourage attitudes and abilities in order to successfully fight
the supply of drugs.
Education starts in the early
stages of life. It is not a task for the schools only, but also
and above all, for the family, the media and the other
institutions in the community.
We must point out, however, that
it is the early relationship between the mother and the child and
the environment at home that have the first and most decisive
influence on the future of the child.
The family is the foundation of
any and all societies and it constitutes the environment for the
transmission of values, attitudes towards life, and the guidelines
for the behavior of our children.
At home we can help our children
face the problem of drug consumption:
strengthening their self-esteem and the confidence in themselves,
by giving them the chance to choose healthier
lifestyles, by talking to them.
giving them firm, positive values, and later reinforcing this by
exercising those values.
giving them the skills to face the problems that they will face in
their everyday life.
The key is fluent communication,
which is something that favors:
The ability to
listen to one another.
The free expression
of opinions and feelings.
The respect for
someone else's point of view even if it differs from ours.
of violent attitudes as a way of communication.
We can't let anyone
say that they don't have the will power, or that they are "weak".
Many individual, familiar, social, economic, cultural and other
kinds of reasons have an influence at the moment of making the
decision to consume drugs.
These reasons are
called risk factors for the population in general and are not
specific for anyone in particular. They are situations that, when
present in a determined sector of the population, may have an
influence, and cause drug consumption problems.
Just as we speak
about these factors, we can also speak about those reasons or
circumstances that, on the other hand, make it easy to have healthy
lifestyles. These are called protection factors in the general
population and they are one of the main elements for preventing the
inadequate use of drugs. These factors interact with the specific
strengths and weaknesses that people, families, groups and
institutions have and that we must correctly identify in order to
perform successful prevention.
The pressure that the
others put on us is a factor that we must recognize and learn to
deal with; specially in the teenage stage of our life, where the
opinion of "the others" is very important and the tendency to act
according to what they think is greater than in other stages of
That is the reason
why the pressure that is put on a young person to consume drugs is
one of the factors that can lead him to take this decision, a very
harmful one to its health.
The degree of
influence that friends, classmates or significant others have on us
can make us act for these external reasons:
To be accepted within
a group where we find people who we love.
To avoid getting into
learn to solve life's critical situations without resorting to the
use of chemical substances is a basic task that is learned within
the family since the very moment in which our strengths and skills
are tested. A good relationship in the early bonding between the
mother and the child, and a loving, warm family environment that
shows solidarity, are the keys to achieve this goal.