Survey: 9 percent abuse alcohol
WASHINGTON (Reuters) -- About nine percent of Americans
abuse alcohol and nearly 15 percent have a personality
disorder, according to a U.S. government survey.
More than 9 percent have a mood disorder such as major
depression or manic disorder, while more than 11 percent
have an anxiety disorder.
The survey, conducted by the National Institute on Alcohol
Abuse and Alcoholism, questioned 43,000 adults at length
to see if they have the clinical symptoms of such
The survey results, published in the Archives of General
Psychiatry and the Journal of Clinical Psychiatry,
represent the largest-ever such study of these disorders
in the United states, the NIAAA said.
The study projected that 4.2 million or 2 percent of
Americans meet the criteria for a drug use disorder.
The survey excluded people who might have transient
symptoms stemming from drug withdrawal or intoxication.
It was aimed at finding how many people have a mental
disorder that coincides with substance abuse. It found
that about 20 percent
of people with a substance use disorder also experience a
mood or anxiety disorder at the same time.
"It would be incorrect for health care professionals to
assume that the majority of mood and anxiety disorders are
due to substance intoxication or withdrawal and will remit
when the patients stops drinking," said NIAAA Director Dr.
Doctors treating alcoholics or drug abusers should keep a
lookout for mental disorders,
Li said. "Earlier research has demonstrated that, left
untreated, such disorders may lead to substance use
relapse and other negative outcomes," Li said.
A second part of the study found that in 2001-2002, 7.9
percent of all adults surveyed had obsessive-compulsive
personality disorder; 4.4 percent had a paranoid
personality disorder and 3.6 percent had an anti-social