THE PREVENTION OF
prevention of drug consumption is one of the main objectives of
society as a whole. It is an objective to which all the elements
of society must compromise and participate: The government, the
Non governmental organizations, entrepreneurs, unions,
everybody! In order to achieve this objective, we must realize
that no one is excluded from this task; A task that we must all be
Prevention aims to:
- Avoid the consumption of drugs in our
- Detect specific strengths and weaknesses
in the different sectors of the population.
- Develop state public policies based on
scientific research with the help of all the elements of
- To educate the public, especially children
and teenagers in order to help them to have healthy lifestyles
that exclude drug consumption of any kind.
EDUCATION FOR LIFE
Specialists unanimously agree that education is one of the best
ways to avoid drug consumption as an alternative to solve the
problems that everyday life implies. We try to give education for
a healthy life, oriented to the intellectual, emotional and social
growth of the child and the teenager. Its objective is to
increase their ability to make the right decisions, to make clear
what the moral values are and to encourage attitudes and abilities
in order to successfully fight the supply of drugs.
Education starts in the early stages of life. It is not a task
for the schools only, but also and above all, for the family, the
media and the other institutions in the community.
We must point out, however, that it is the early
relationship between the mother and the child and the environment
at home that have the first and most decisive influence on the
future of the child.
family is the foundation of any and all societies and it
constitutes the environment for the transmission of values,
attitudes towards life, and the guidelines for the behavior of our
At home we can help our children face the problem of drug
strengthening their self-esteem and the confidence in themselves,
by giving them the chance to choose healthier lifestyles, by
talking to them.
giving them firm, positive values, and later reinforcing this by
exercising those values.
giving them the skills to face the problems that they will face in
their everyday life.
key is fluent communication, which is something that favors:
ability to listen to one another.
free expression of opinions and feelings.
respect for someone else's point of view even if it differs from
discouragement of violent attitudes as a way of communication.
We can't let anyone say that they don't have the will power, or that
they are "weak". Many individual, familiar, social, economic,
cultural and other kinds of reasons have an influence at the moment
of making the decision to consume drugs.
These reasons are
called risk factors for the population in general and are not
specific for anyone in particular. They are situations that, when
present in a determined sector of the population, may have an
influence, and cause drug consumption problems.
Just as we speak
about these factors, we can also speak about those reasons or
circumstances that, on the other hand, make it easy to have healthy
lifestyles. These are called protection factors in the general
population and they are one of the main elements for preventing the
inadequate use of drugs. These factors interact with the specific
strengths and weaknesses that people, families, groups and
institutions have and that we must correctly identify in order to
perform successful prevention.
The pressure that the
others put on us is a factor that we must recognize and learn to
deal with; specially in the teenage stage of our life, where the
opinion of "the others" is very important and the tendency to act
according to what they think is greater than in other stages of
That is the reason why the pressure that is put on a young person
to consume drugs is one of the factors that can lead him to take
this decision, a very harmful one to its health.
The degree of
influence that friends, classmates or significant others have on us
can make us act for these external reasons:
To be accepted within
a group where we find people who we love.To avoid getting into
learn to solve life's critical situations without resorting to the
use of chemical substances is a basic task that is learned within
the family since the very moment in which our strengths and skills
are tested. A good relationship in the early bonding between the
mother and the child, and a loving, warm family environment that
shows solidarity, are the keys to achieve this goal.