Back to the Brothel
(Cambodian Drug Slavery)
New York Times Op-Ed
January 22, 2005
By NICHOLAS D. KRISTOF
Cambodia - After I purchased Srey Mom from herbrothel
for $203 a year ago and brought her back to her village, the joy was
overwhelming. Her parents and siblings had assumed she was dead, and
they shrieked and hugged and cried.
I had doubts about the other sex slave I had purchased, Srey Neth,
whom I wrote about on Wednesday - and who in fact is thriving and is
now preparing to become a hairdresser. But I was pretty sure that
Srey Mom would make it.
So I'm devastated to say that a year later, I found Srey Mom back
here in the wild town of Poipet, in her old brothel. She's
devastated, too - when she spotted me, she ran away to her room in
the back of the brothel until she could compose herself.
"I never lie to people, but I lied to you," she said forlornly. "I
said I would not come back, and I did. I didn't want to return, but
Yet, sadly, such an experience is common. Aid groups find it
unnerving that they liberate teenagers from the bleak back rooms of
a brothel, take them to a nice shelter - and then at night the kids
sometimes climb over the walls and run back to the brothel.
It would be a tidier world if slaves always sought freedom. But
prostitutes often are shattered and stigmatized, and sometimes they
feel that the only place they can hold their head high is in the
Srey Mom, too, has zero self-esteem, but in her case no one in her
village knew her background, and she was clear of debts. The central
problem, as best I can piece together
the situation, is that she was addicted to methamphetamines, and
that craving destroyed her will power, sending her fleeing back to
the brothel so that she could get her drugs.
Over the last year, an aid group looking after Srey Mom, American
Assistance for Cambodia, gave her several more chances, once
bringing her to Phnom Penh to enroll in school to become a hair
dresser. But each time, Srey Mom fled back to drugs and the brothel.
"Ninety-five percent of the girls take drugs," Srey Mom told me.
Some girls inject morphine, but brothel owners worry that needle
holes make girls look unsightly, so methamphetamine pills are most
Some brothel owners welcome addiction, because it makes thegirls
dependent upon them. But Srey Mom said that is not true of her
brothel owner, Heok Tem, whom she calls "Mother."
"Mother doesn't want us to use drugs," Srey Mom said. She has an
eerily close relationship with Mrs. Heok Tem, and these days that
emotional bond keeps her in the brothel as much as do her debts.
Mrs. Heok Tem seems to feel genuine affection for Srey Mom and truly
helped in the effort to get Srey Mom to start a new life, but she
also cheats Srey Mom ruthlessly - I examined the brothel's account
books - and rakes in cash by pimping the girl, which exposes her to
"It's wrong," Mrs. Heok Tem admitted. But for now, she says, she
needs the money.
Srey Mom still says her dream is to start life over in her village.
"I want to go away," she said. "I don't want to stay here long. I'm
not happy here. ... I will just look after my younger sisters. I'm
already bad, and I don't want them to become bad like me."
I don't believe it will ever happen. I hate to write anyone off, but
I'm afraid that Srey Mom will remain in thembrothel until she is
dying of AIDS (36 percent of girls in local brothels have H.I.V.,
and eventually it catches up with almost all of them). I finally
dared tell her my fear.
I described some young women I had just seen, gaunt and groaning,
dying of AIDS in Poipet, and I told her I feared she would end up
the same way.
"I'm afraid of that, too," she replied, her voice breaking. "This is
an unhappy life. I don't want to do this."
Maybe that's what I find saddest about Srey Mom: She is a wonderful,
good-hearted girl who gives money to beggars, who offers Buddhist
prayers for redemption - but who is already so broken that she seems
unable to escape a world that she hates and knows is killing her.
President Bush declared in his inaugural address this week that "no
one deserves to be a slave" and that advancing freedom is "the
calling of our time." I can't think of a better place to start than
the hundreds of thousands of girls trafficked each year, for this
of slavery has not only grown in recent years but is also especially
diabolical - it poisons its victims, like Srey Mom, so that
eventually chains are often redundant.